Proton Neutron

The Multi-Bang Universe: The Never-Ending Realm of Galaxies

In this article a new cosmological model is proposed for the dynamics of the Universe and the formation and evolution of galaxies. It is shown that the matter of the Universe contracts and expands in cycles, and that galaxies in a particular cycle may have imprints from the previous cycle. It is proposed that RHIC’s liquid gets trapped in the cores of galaxies in the beginning of each cycle and is liberated with time and is, thus, the power engine of AGNs. It is also shown that the large-scale structure is a permanent property of the Universe, and thus, it is not created. It is proposed that spiral galaxies and elliptical galaxies are formed by mergers of nucleons vortices (vorteons) at the time of the big squeeze and immediately afterwards and that the merging process, in general, lasts an extremely long time, of many billion  years. The evaporation rate of RHIC’s liquid is calculated with Quasar PDS 456 data and the true nature of the concentrated mass at its center is revealed. It is not a Black Hole but the mass is of the same order of the supposed Black Hole. It is concluded that the Universe is eternal and that space should be infinite or almost. The paper has been published on March 15, 2007 by Frontiers in Science. Here is the link for accessing the paper.

Dark matter does not exist in spiral galaxies

At the American Physical Society April Meeting 2013, Denver, CO, USA, I presented the talk A New Model without Dark Matter for the Rotation Galaxies. It is clearly shown in this paper that dark matter does not exist at all in spiral galaxies. Section 4.5 of the paper shows that dark matter has no place in Particle Physics. Please, read the paper at the link and obtain its erratum by clicking Erratum Spiral Galaxies.  The 4-year study conducted by the PLANCK collaboration on the microwave bachground radiation shot down dark matter. Please, see the news on Nature European probe shoots down dark-matter claims.