Proton Neutron

Neutrino Oscillations Hint at a New Fundamental Interaction

In a publication from 2012 the Daya Bay Collaboration reported a  disappearance of about 6% of electron antineutrinos along a distance of 1648 m and claimed that this disapearance was caused by neutrino oscillations. But in a paper that has just been published this collaboration corrects the old result because now it has found that the produced flux is 6% larger than what is predicted by the current nuclear models.

On the other hand there has been a recent report of a new fundamental interaction involving production of electron-positron pairs and neutrino-antineutrino pairs by means of the decay of its light vector boson.  J. L. Feng et al. analyzed the data of the paper and corroborated the paper’s results.

I take the new Daya Bay results as an indication of new Physics, extend them to the solar neutrino puzzle as a whole and link them to the newly found interaction. In my paper I propose that neutrino oscillations do not exist and, in the light of the latest results of July 2016 of the Daya Bay Collaboration and the recent discovery of this new fundamental interaction above mentioned, I propose that the neutrino production at the Sun’s core in the pp and CNO cycles can be much larger than what is predicted by the Standard Solar Model, exactly because of this new interaction. And thus, the claimed neutrino deficits on Earth would be completely misleading. The paper has been submitted to Frontiers in Science for publication.

The article PLOT OF THE WEEK – QUARK COMPOSITENESS IS NOWHERE NEAR is wrong

The article Plot of the week – quark compositeness is nowhere near posted in Tommaso Dorigo’s blog is wrong.

As I explain in the paper The Higgs Boson and Quark Compositeness (presented at Moriond 2014), and in its presentation, and in the paper Weak decays of hadrons reveal compositeness of quarks, what CMS and ATLAS have found is that prequarks are pointlike, actually, the three outermost prequarks (in the proton) as the three innermost prequarks form a small hard core. This hard core has been observed in many energy ranges and has recently been confirmed by TOTEM at 7 and 8 TeV. Please, see the important references on the subject in the presentation at Moriond 2014.

In order to see prequarks it is enough to take a look at the electric charge distributions in the nucleons (shown below) found by R. Hofstadter (Nobel Prize of 1961 together with R. L. Mössbauer) in the 1950s at SLAC (Rev. Modern Phys. Vol. 28, 214, 1956) which cannot be produced by the three pointlike quarks uud and udd, according to QCD. A word of caution here: everybody knows that the quark model is very successful, but it cannot describe Hofstadter results in terms of pointlike quarks. We clearly see that both nucleons have a common core and that both of them have two layers of constituents. Therefore, the great physicist R. Hofstadter found out prequarks before the discovery of quarks. In the paper  The Higgs Boson and Quark Compositeness I show the reason of the success of the quark model: the hard core is small and around it there are 3 prequarks that are looser (we also see this in Hofstadter results because the outer layer varies from about 0.3 fm up to about 1.75 fm) than the innermost prequarks. These outer prequarks are confused with the so-called valence quarks which are almost massless. But in hadronization processes we just plug in the masses of constituent quarks which are, actually, the true quarks. And when we probe the proton with electrons through very deep inelastic scattering (that is, electrons with very small Compton wavelength) we see the three prequarks of the hard core and, again we confuse them with the so-called valence quarks. That is also the reason why it is very hard to pinpoint prequarks. Therefore, prequarks, constituent quarks and the so-called valence quarks are completely entangled. But the quantum numbers don’t lie and through them we clearly see the whole picture. For example, take a look at the post All Higgs decays linked to a new quantum number.

 

RHofstadter

The Higgs Parity has not really been determined yet.

At Moriond 2014, on March 23, there was the presentation by Nicola De Filippis on behalf of ATLAS and CMS collaborations: Measurements of the Higgs properties at LHC. Part of the presentation was on the Higgs parity which had been determined to be even. At the end of his talk there was a hot discussion on the […]

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All Higgs decays linked to a new quantum number

         

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FALSE PROOF OF VALENCE QUARKS

  In almost all books of Introduction to Particle Physics one finds this picture of the proton structure function F2 in terms of x for  q squared around 1 GeV squared. The authors state that this picture proves that there are 3 valence quarks in the proton, but this is completely false because the mass […]

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Towards a solution for the weak radiative hyperon decays puzzle

The weak radiative hyperon decays problem is a long standing puzzle of about 50 years. It has its origin in the results of experiment [1] which showed a large asymmetry in the decay  Sigma+  >  p gamma, violating, thus, Hara’s theorem [2] which, at the hadron level, states that the parity-violating amplitude of the above […]

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Charmonium with an effective Morse molecular potential

At BEACH 2014 I presented the paper Charmonium with an effective Morse molecular potential which has recently  been published in the proceedings. In this paper I propose a completely new approach to charmonium spectroscopy. This approach allows the calculation of the parameters of the molecular potential, calculation of the radii of 5 S states, and information […]

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A Preliminary Explanation for the Pentaquark found by LHCb

The paper has recently been published in the Journal of Nuclear and Particle Physics. I propose that the two resonant states of the recently found pentaquark by LHCb with masses of 4380 MeV and 4450 MeV are two states of the hadronic molecule ccbar + proton with similar properties to those of the Karliner-Lipkin pentaquark. […]

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The Rotation of Spiral Galaxies

The rotation of spiral galaxies is completely described in my paper A New Model without Dark Matter for the Rotation of Spiral Galaxies presented at the APS April Meeting in Denver, CO, USA, in 2013. The paper clearly shows that dark matter does not exist in spiral galaxies. Important consequences for galactic evolution and the […]

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Dark matter does not exist in spiral galaxies

At the American Physical Society April Meeting 2013, Denver, CO, USA, I presented the talk A New Model without Dark Matter for the Rotation Galaxies. It is clearly shown in this paper that dark matter does not exist at all in spiral galaxies. Section 4.5 of the paper shows that dark matter has no place […]

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